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Table of Contents:

1. Background
2. Design of Toilets
3. Composting
4. Construction -- Base & Vaults
5. Construction--Pad Fabrication
6. Construction--Superstructure
7. Finished!
8. Monitoring & Evaluation
9. EcoSan Resources


Tsunami Relief Camps in India

 To view the video, it's about 10 minutes long, click on one of the buttons below.  

Tsunami Video - Slower Connection

Tsunami Video - Faster Connections

About the Tsunami Video

The December 26, 2004 Southeast Asian tsunami was devastating. Tens-of- thousands died, hundreds-of-thousands were affected.  In India, as elsewhere, it was largely fishermen and their families living in huts on beaches that were caught by the tsunami. In India:

·        over 16,000 people, most of them women and children died;

·        about 400,000 lost their homes;

·        40,000 fishing craft were destroyed or damaged; 

·        300,000 fishermen lost their livelihoods, and most are still unable to fish.

The video captures the grief of victims, both adults and children, who lost all or some of their families, as well as their homes.  Except for some footage and stills from the web, the video was filmed in February, 2005 in Tamil Nadu.  Included are photos by students from Komazawa University, Tokyo.  

Despite their grief, the tsunami survivors are trying to return to a normal life.  Most fishermen wish to return to the sea and there are programs to replace their lost boats, engines and nets.  However, even before the tsunami the coastal fisheries could support only two-thirds of the working fishermen.  The South Indian Federation of Fishermen Societies (SIFF) is now offering fishermen and fisherwomen training in carpentry, furniture making, small engine repair and other trades. 

Upon our return to Tokyo, the students who accompanied us to India, along with other members of the Japan Students’ Fund, organized a benefit concert (featuring Rattlesnake Annie) to raise funds for:

·        Self-help groups of women, especially the newly widowed, who are seeking training, support and micro-loans to establish micro-enterprises. 

·        Young children, many orphaned, who are in need of small “scholarships” for books, supplies and uniforms so they can return to school.

The video was made to assist the students in their fundraising efforts and was shown at the concert.

You might ask why, in view of the millions of dollars already contributed for tsunami relief, it’s necessary to raise additional funds?   It’s because most of the funds for tsunami victims were earmarked for short-term emergency relief.  In addition, many of the NGOs who responded to the emergency are not equipped to deal with the long-term efforts required to restore livelihoods, homes and educational opportunities.

Fortunately, there are long-term recovery programs being undertaken by established and highly-respected organizations like the South Indian Federation of Fishermen Societies (SIFF) and the MS Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF).  These organizations have agreed to manage the contributions from the Japan Students’ Fund (JSF) and will ensure that the funds go to programs designated by JSF.

If you have any questions about JSF, the micro-loan and education programs supported by JSF or about the video, please let me know. 

Send your comments and questions to Dave Bockmann.